Gian Lorenzo Bernini, who lived between 1598 and 1680, was the greatest sculptor of the 17th century—the Michelangelo of his age. He did for sculpture what Caravaggio did for painting, invigorating it with an unprecedented sense of drama and naturalism that launched the artistic age known as the Baroque. Over a career that spanned nearly 70 years, he reshaped the face of Rome with his spirited works—from marble statues of saints in chapels to dramatic fountains in civic spaces. Even today, visitors to Rome can hardly go anywhere without being dazzled by his genius, and they may wonder how he conceived such complex and monumental works. The answer can be found in the terracotta models and drawings he produced in the process of developing ideas for his large-scale sculptures.